guardian of the realm

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachIn days without a king or during a royal minority, a guardian was elected to lead nobles and realm. David II was born in 1329, the year his father Robert I died. A hero father who cast a long shadow. David was too young to rule and it proved too dangerous for him to remain in Scotland. The heir to the throne was taken to France when he was 3 years old.

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachAndrew Murray, husband of King Robert I‘s sister Christian Bruce and uncle of the young David, was elected guardian of Scotland in 1332.

Murray was a powerful magnate who held the lordship of Garioch since 1315. His powerful opponent was Edward Balliol who claimed the throne for himself (he even took it for a short time in 1332) His men took Murray somewhere near Bothwell in 1333. Bothwell belonged to Andrew Murray, his wife held on to Kildrummy castle in Mar and saw her husband released in July 1334. The guardian was back.

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachThe importance of Andrew Murray is shown by the fact that the exchequer paid 1000 Pounds ransom, the sum was originally intended for the marble tomb of King Robert I in Dunfermline, the legend king and Murray’s brother in law. Murray‘s father had fought with William Wallace at the battle of Stirling Bridge, the son fought a guerrilla war against the English winning back castle after castle and managing a quick and decisive victory for the Scottish cause in the Battle of Culblean in Aberdeenshire in 1335.

 

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachThe guardian of the realm was not only fighting the English. As it often happened in Scotland during the centuries, it was also a fight among nobles for power and the fight for succession during the minority of David II raged on. Davids future kingship was far from secure. Robert Steward, the son of Marjorie Bruce and grandson to Robert the Bruce, claimed the throne for himself. And he had support.

Andrew Murray fought a decisive battle in 1335:

“Culblean was a morale-boosting triumph for the Bruce cause. But what really tipped the scales in favour of David‘s supporters in Scotland was the drift towards actual rather than phoney war between Edward III and Philipp VI and their armed kingdoms.“

Michael A. Penman: David II, 1329 – 71. Edinburgh, John Donald,2004; p. 62

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe Erkenbach

A lot of nobles left the country for France and Balliol without support.

The country was left in a sorry state, regions were ravaged by fighting and hard winters. Many died of starvation. But the guardian had to make sacrifices to hold the country for his nephew.

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachMurray died of a sudden disease or maybe even a wound he had received at the siege of Edinburgh castle at the age of 40 in April 1338. He was at first interred where his father was buried, in Fortrose cathedral.

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe ErkenbachSome historians claim he was buried in the chapel of Rosemarkie (the first cathedral in Ross) before being transferred to Dunfermline.

Fortrose (at Murray’s time of death cathedral in Ross) claims that to itself.

Graveyards of Scotland guardian of Scotland Andrew Murray Nellie Merthe Erkenbach

The guardian of Scotland Sir Andrew Murray was buried here in 1338 before his remains were moved to Dunfermline Abbey.

The young king came back to Scotland three years after Murray’s death.

 

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